Society under the Mughals : The Mughals were the last of the great traditional Indian dynasties. Mughal combined Muslim and Hindu and even Persian concepts and cultural values.

Society and Occupations:
Mughal society can be categorized into the rich, middle, and poor class. At the top of the ladder was the King followed by his nobles who lived in palatial homes with many lavish luxuries and anything at their disposal. Often the food and dress were costly and their life’s included grand banquets. The downside of being in the upper class was that towards the end of the Mughal Empire many emperors were no longer interested in running the empire. They had more fun enjoying the wealth they had as Kings and wasting it away.
At the time of the Mughal Empire the middle class was still developing. There was a very prosperous Merchant class it consisted of merchants, industrialists, traders, and various other professionals. Many Indians established trading ties with the foreigners specifically the Europeans. This seemed to benefit them in the beginning but eventually resulted in European domination. They didn’t have the extravagant lives of the rich class but the still had some luxuries unlike the lowest class.
There was a major gap in-between the lifestyle of the poor class and the two previous classes. People in the lowest class were usually without adequate clothing and often went without food. Many describe their lifestyles as being voluntary slaves to the upper classes. They were often harassed by the officers of the King who extorted money out of them by accusing them of false charges.



Education under the Mughals:
Most of the organization of an Education system was accredited to the ruler Akbar. He opened many schools and colleges and made efforts to promote and expand it to all the classes in society. Akbar mad important changes to the syllabus of education and Islamic schools were attached to mosques. Although Akbar tried for education for all the quality differed form rank to rank. Girls in the Upper class often had private institutions and were tutored in their own home. Middle class girls could go to the same schools as the boys and the underclass often did not attend school.
Mughal Emperors were patrons to education and there were considerable developments throughout the Empire. One of duties of the public work’s department was to build schools and colleges. In a law passed by Shah Jahan if a rich man was to die without an heir then his assets would be used by the State to help develop and maintain educational institutes.

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Position of Women:
Women from aristocratic families were awarded honorific tittles, received salaries, and were permitted to own land and engage in business. Women at court sometimes received education. They could write poetry, paint, and play music. Women in all castes could spin thread; some sold it as income for the household. Mughal attitudes towards women may have had an impact of Indian society. Females could inherit land, and some even possessed Zamindar rights. Women form the mercantile castes took an active role in business activities.
The Muslim practice of isolating women and preventing them from associating with men outside the home was adopted by the Hindu upper class. They did it to protect their women from unwelcome advances by Muslims in positions of authority.